Air pollution: Added economic costs and incentives for inclusive policies

Original price was: 15 €.Current price is: 14 €.

For most countries there is a large gap between announced promises to improve the environment and air quality and actual policy

The National Plan for Air Quality Management, based on VKM no. 412 dated 19.06.2019 “On the approval of the National Plan for Air Quality”, as a planning instrument for the implementation of Law No. 162/2014 “On the Protection of Environmental Air Quality” aims at the management of air quality policies.

This plan has two objectives:

– improving air quality in areas where the limits set by law have been exceeded, as well as in areas where there is a high risk of exceeding these limits;

– maintaining the level of air quality in the remaining part of the territory

Regarding the fulfillment of the objectives on air quality, as well as other indicators of environmental protection, the measurements confirmed a high level of air pollution in the areas of the capital, but also in large cities and national roads with heavy traffic. movement of vehicles and with construction sites and industrial production for:

  • carbon dioxide (CO2),
  • nitrogen dioxide (NO2),
  • dust particles (PM2.5, PM10)

In a reading of the effects created by air pollution , it is emphasized that in addition to the obvious damage to health, air pollution affects the environment by affecting temperatures, water resources and damaging forests, wild plant and animal life and agriculture.

In the analysis we have prepared, we aim to go beyond the current political commitment to an effective level of applicability, where policies and incentive measures are harmonized to fulfill the main objective.


Although it seems that Albania does not have a high level of impact on climate change as in developed and large countries, it must still be said that unusual seasonal temperatures and weather fluctuations are having a worse effect on people’s health, but mainly on agriculture.

Poor air quality is associated with a number of economic costs, such as increased health care and household costs, increased business costs and reduced activity and productivity, ecosystem damage and reduced tourism productivity.

Since air pollution does not respect geographical boundaries, measures and incentives for air quality should be addressed on a regional basis. In order to determine the specific air quality, all the deficiencies mentioned in the reports of the last years regarding the maintenance of a healthy level of air in the regions of the country must be filled.

Municipalities should fully utilize their potential of resources and capacities, strengthen the integration of tourism resources and stimulate the vitality of tourism development. At the same time, they and all involved institutions must promote the optimization and improvement of the tourism industry itself, further realize the efficient use of tourist resources, energy conservation and emission reduction, as well as realize the active integration of the development of tourism in the protection of the air environment.

Therefore, we think that the comprehensive policy for the protection of the environment and air from pollution should be updated and have/be complementary parts of the strategy for health, the strategy for the environment and tourism, the strategy for agriculture, the strategy for energy, the strategy for transport, the fiscal package for the environment, medium-term budgetary programs of the state budget and municipal ones.

The publication was made possible with the support of ALTAX staff. Extensive consultation with various stakeholders was held in developing the options for this publication. ALTAX is especially grateful for the support received for this initiative from experts in the environmental fields, who are not only relevant to the target audience, but also provide information that has valuable content.